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After all, the activation of only 5% of the world’s current nuclear potential is enough to cause an irreparable environmental catastrophe.
Giving a real idea of the future is the most important task of science. It is possible to implement it only on the basis of the principles on which the whole foundation of scientific knowledge is based.
We are talking, first of all, about the principle of objectivity, which provides:
strict compliance of the conclusions with the initial preconditions; evidence-based analysis of reality without any subjective additions to it; knowledge of certain patterns, trends of historical development.
“Projection into the future” of the laws of social development, taking into account their inevitable development and enrichment in the course of the historical process and means a scientific prediction of the future. Among the main of these patterns, according to researchers who rely on materialist dialectics – the irreversibility of social progress in world history, the growth of the progressive development of society
The speed and radicalism of social renewal is the result of the growing role of the masses in history. After all, according to scientists, in the Neolithic period the population of the Earth was only about 25 million people, at the beginning of our era – about 250 million, at the beginning of the XIX century – 1 billion, and now – more than 5 billion people.
However, it is not only population growth that is the cause of accelerating social progress. The latter is a cumulative consequence, a set of many objective factors – the emancipation of the individual and increase the degree of his freedom, the accumulation of scientific knowledge, growth of technical power, internalization of socio-economic ties, political and cultural processes. All this has led to the fact that the saturation of political events and social transformations, economic changes and technological innovations, the intensity of international exchange of activities in science and culture each year at the end of XX century is equal to 10 in the XIX century , 100 in the Middle Ages and antiquity, 1000 in antiquity.
In assessing the future, a distinction should be made between the approaches of lab report writting services the representatives of the philosophy of social pessimism and the philosophy of social optimism. Representatives of the philosophy of social pessimism believe that there is a “limit to growth” for human society. There are reasons for this: mineral reserves are depleted, the rapid growth of the Earth’s population exacerbates the problem of nutrition, and so on.
However, such a forecast is denied by the representatives of the philosophy of social optimism, believing that their opponents formally extend to the future current trends of economic, scientific, technical and demographic growth, refusing to take into account that the accumulation of quantitative changes can not
We must remember that quantitative growth and development in nature and in society are by no means identical processes. Improvements in tools and methods of production are constantly expanding the scope of economic growth, and technological revolutions create completely new, previously unknown areas of economic activity, not only multiply already known natural resources, making them available for practical use, but also turn into a resource of social development. that he once was not.
The very existence of a “growth limit” is a necessary precondition for development. After all, if there were no limits for hunting and gathering, man’s transition to agriculture and cattle breeding would be delayed for millennia. If there were no limits to human memory and physical limitations in oral communication between people, the invention of writing and printing, the development of technical means of communication would be slowed down.
If there were no limits on charcoal reserves, the transition to the use of mineral fuels would be slowed down. If there were no limits in the conduct of mental and paper mathematical operations, the creation of computers would be delayed. There is no reason to fear the slowdown of social progress and because of the imaginary mental and mental inability of man to assimilate and withstand the growing flow of new knowledge and adapt to all kinds of innovations in society. Human memory can hold about 10 billion bits of information (ie 500 multi-volume “British encyclopedias”). In addition, other opportunities will be open.
There is no predetermined future. People are unable to change their past, because the freedom of past generations has already become a reality for future generations, a historical necessity that cannot be ignored. The future is a sphere of real possibilities, among which there are more or less probable ones. And social development is not safe from zigzags, side steps and even backward movements.
The changes taking place in the world today are an important step towards the transition of humanity to a new civilization that can be formed on the way to solving global problems. This new civilization of the future, according to scientists, eliminates the alienation of man from man, society, nature and labor products, will end the division of humanity into antagonistic classes and social groups, will create real conditions for self-knowledge and free self -association on the principles of new humanism.
The new civilization in the tendencies of its development represents a qualitatively new stage in the development of man and human communities, which are gradually integrated into a single humanity, the systemicity of which can be compared in qualitative terms with natural systems involved in human activity. Only at this stage will humanity occupy its worthy, relatively independent place in the system of surrounding cosmic processes and forces, will become specifically a single entity.
Reflecting on the prospects of mankind, it should be emphasized that we are talking about the possibility of a single democratic and humane world community, which will coexist different forms of ownership – both public and private, various forms of social relations. However, under one condition – it should be a society of democracy, a society where man will be the center of all relations.
The word ecology comes from the Greek “oikos” – home and “logos” – teaching. Ecology is the science of the environment, home, man, his interaction with this environment and ways to provide conditions for his life.
What is the ecological situation in Ukraine today? How do society and nature interact in the conditions of STR? What are the ways and means of solving the most acute socio-environmental problems in Ukraine?
The introduction of the latest advances in science and technology, the emergence of new technologies, energy sources and materials have led to revolutionary changes in society. Mankind entered the era of scientific and technological revolution, which increased the anthropogenic impact on nature.
This influence is contradictory. It intertwines positive and negative phenomena. On the one hand, the improvement of technology and the growth of production contribute to the fuller satisfaction of human needs, the rational use of natural resources, the increase in food production, and so on. On the other hand, the natural environment is polluted, forests are destroyed, soil erosion intensifies, acid rains fall, the ozone layer of the earth decreases, human health deteriorates, and so on.
The growing needs of society and production cause a further acceleration of the pace of scientific and technological progress. It is clear that the higher the historical stage of development of society, the greater the state of the natural environment is determined by purposeful human activity. The deepening and expansion of such activities can lead to global contradictions in the development of civilization, which can be overcome only by making radical changes in the development of society itself.
The current environmental situation has developed spontaneously in the course of human activities aimed at meeting their needs. Man has reached the heights of modern civilization due to the fact that he is constantly changing nature in accordance with their goals. People achieved the goals they had hoped for, but received consequences they did not expect.
The scientific and technological revolution is changing man’s relationship with nature, creating new conditions for his existence, significantly affecting the way he lives and works. Using modern means of production, humanity affects nature on a planetary scale. The sharp increase in the scale of such influence has exacerbated the problem of predicting the consequences of human activities.
Environmental forecasting has become a necessary condition for optimizing the process of interaction between society and nature. Therefore, it is important to have an environmental and economic assessment of scientific and technological progress. This contradiction is due to the uneven development of different branches of production, science and technology. Further improvement of technology should be carried out taking into account its negative impact on the environment. In the conditions of structural restructuring of the economy of Ukraine, replacement of obsolete equipment and technology with new ones, wide opportunities open up for a significant reduction of the negative impact of production activities on nature.
The relationship between society and nature is that the factors of economic growth – labor, means of production and natural resources – are used in combination by society for the development of production. Issues of the relationship between society and nature and the use of natural resources are becoming increasingly important. And this is understandable, because with the development of production all the new riches of nature are removed, the cost of raw materials increases, the amount of waste emitted into the environment increases.
However, and this is obvious, it would be wrong to solve the problem of conserving resources and the environment by stopping growth or even reducing production. Such assumptions contradict the laws of human society and are practically impossible.
The interaction of man with nature in the process of production and consumption to ensure the existence of mankind in general is an objective phenomenon.
Thus, there are two interrelated problems: